Academic Free License
This Academic Free License (the "License") applies to any original work of authorship (the "Original
Work") whose owner (the "Licensor") has placed the following notice immediately following the copyright
notice for the Original Work:
Licensed under the Academic Free License version 2.0
1) Grant of Copyright License. Licensor hereby grants You a world-wide, royalty-free, non-exclusive,
perpetual, sublicenseable license to do the following:
a) to reproduce the Original Work in copies;
b) to prepare derivative works ("Derivative Works") based upon the Original Work;
c) to distribute copies of the Original Work and Derivative Works to the public;
d) to perform the Original Work publicly; and
e) to display the Original Work publicly.
2) Grant of Patent License. Licensor hereby grants You a world-wide, royalty-free, non-exclusive, perpetual,
sublicenseable license, under patent claims owned or controlled by the Licensor that are embodied in the Original
Work as furnished by the Licensor, to make, use, sell and offer for sale the Original Work and Derivative Works.
3) Grant of Source Code License. The term "Source Code" means the preferred form of the Original
Work for making modifications to it and all available documentation describing how to modify the Original Work.
Licensor hereby agrees to provide a machine-readable copy of the Source Code of the Original Work along with each
copy of the Original Work that Licensor distributes. Licensor reserves the right to satisfy this obligation by
placing a machine-readable copy of the Source Code in an information repository reasonably calculated to permit
inexpensive and convenient access by You for as long as Licensor continues to distribute the Original Work, and
by publishing the address of that information repository in a notice immediately following the copyright notice
that applies to the Original Work.
4) Exclusions From License Grant. Neither the names of Licensor, nor the names of any contributors to
the Original Work, nor any of their trademarks or service marks, may be used to endorse or promote products derived
from this Original Work without express prior written permission of the Licensor. Nothing in this License shall
be deemed to grant any rights to trademarks, copyrights, patents, trade secrets or any other intellectual property
of Licensor except as expressly stated herein. No patent license is granted to make, use, sell or offer to sell
embodiments of any patent claims other than the licensed claims defined in Section 2. No right is granted to the
trademarks of Licensor even if such marks are included in the Original Work. Nothing in this License shall be interpreted
to prohibit Licensor from licensing under different terms from this License any Original Work that Licensor otherwise
would have a right to license.
5) This section intentionally omitted.
6) Attribution Rights. You must retain, in the Source Code of any Derivative Works that You create, all
copyright, patent or trademark notices from the Source Code of the Original Work, as well as any notices of licensing
and any descriptive text identified therein as an "Attribution Notice." You must cause the Source Code
for any Derivative Works that You create to carry a prominent Attribution Notice reasonably calculated to inform
recipients that You have modified the Original Work.
7) Warranty of Provenance and Disclaimer of Warranty. Licensor warrants that the copyright in and to
the Original Work and the patent rights granted herein by Licensor are owned by the Licensor or are sublicensed
to You under the terms of this License with the permission of the contributor(s) of those copyrights and patent
rights. Except as expressly stated in the immediately proceeding sentence, the Original Work is provided under
this License on an "AS IS" BASIS and WITHOUT WARRANTY, either express or implied, including, without
limitation, the warranties of NON-INFRINGEMENT, MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE ENTIRE
RISK AS TO THE QUALITY OF THE ORIGINAL WORK IS WITH YOU. This DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTY constitutes an essential part
of this License. No license to Original Work is granted hereunder except under this disclaimer.
8) Limitation of Liability. Under no circumstances and under no legal theory, whether in tort (including
negligence), contract, or otherwise, shall the Licensor be liable to any person for any direct, indirect, special,
incidental, or consequential damages of any character arising as a result of this License or the use of the Original
Work including, without limitation, damages for loss of goodwill, work stoppage, computer failure or malfunction,
or any and all other commercial damages or losses. This limitation of liability shall not apply to liability for
death or personal injury resulting from Licensor's negligence to the extent applicable law prohibits such limitation.
Some jurisdictions do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages, so this exclusion
and limitation may not apply to You.
9) Acceptance and Termination. If You distribute copies of the Original Work or a Derivative Work, You
must make a reasonable effort under the circumstances to obtain the express assent of recipients to the terms of
this License. Nothing else but this License (or another written agreement between Licensor and You) grants You
permission to create Derivative Works based upon the Original Work or to exercise any of the rights granted in
Section 1 herein, and any attempt to do so except under the terms of this License (or another written agreement
between Licensor and You) is expressly prohibited by U.S. copyright law, the equivalent laws of other countries,
and by international treaty. Therefore, by exercising any of the rights granted to You in Section 1 herein, You
indicate Your acceptance of this License and all of its terms and conditions.
10) Termination for Patent Action. This License shall terminate automatically and You may no longer exercise
any of the rights granted to You by this License as of the date You commence an action, including a cross-claim
or counterclaim, for patent infringement (i) against Licensor with respect to a patent applicable to software or
(ii) against any entity with respect to a patent applicable to the Original Work (but excluding combinations of
the Original Work with other software or hardware).
11) Jurisdiction, Venue and Governing Law. Any action or suit relating to this License may be brought
only in the courts of a jurisdiction wherein the Licensor resides or in which Licensor conducts its primary business,
and under the laws of that jurisdiction excluding its conflict-of-law provisions. The application of the United
Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods is expressly excluded. Any use of the Original
Work outside the scope of this License or after its termination shall be subject to the requirements and penalties
of the U.S. Copyright Act, 17 U.S.C. 101 et seq., the equivalent laws of other countries, and international treaty.
This section shall survive the termination of this License.
12) Attorneys Fees. In any action to enforce the terms of this License or seeking damages relating thereto,
the prevailing party shall be entitled to recover its costs and expenses, including, without limitation, reasonable
attorneys' fees and costs incurred in connection with such action, including any appeal of such action. This section
shall survive the termination of this License.
13) Miscellaneous. This License represents the complete agreement concerning the subject matter hereof.
If any provision of this License is held to be unenforceable, such provision shall be reformed only to the extent
necessary to make it enforceable.
14) Definition of "You" in This License. "You" throughout this License, whether in
upper or lower case, means an individual or a legal entity exercising rights under, and complying with all of the
terms of, this License. For legal entities, "You" includes any entity that controls, is controlled by,
or is under common control with you. For purposes of this definition, "control" means (i) the power,
direct or indirect, to cause the direction or management of such entity, whether by contract or otherwise, or (ii)
ownership of fifty percent (50%) or more of the outstanding shares, or (iii) beneficial ownership of such entity.
15) Right to Use. You may use the Original Work in all ways not otherwise restricted or conditioned by
this License or by law, and Licensor promises not to interfere with or be responsible for such uses by You.
This license is Copyright (C) 2003 Lawrence E. Rosen. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to copy
and distribute this license without modification. This license may not be modified without the express written
permission of its copyright owner.